Apologetics Faculty

Craig J. Hazen, Ph.D.

Founder and Director of M.A. Program in Christian Apologetics
Director of the M.A. Program in Science and Religion
Professor of Comparative Religion and Apologetics

Ph.D., M.A., University of California, Santa Barbara

Dr. Hazen is the editor of the philosophy journal, Philosophia Christi. He is also the author of the monograph The Village Enlightenment in America, the acclaimed apologetics novel Five Sacred Crossings, and dozens of articles and chapters in various books and journals. He is a recipient of the Fischer Award, the highest faculty honor at Biola and has lectured across North America and Europe on key apologetics topics—including lectures on Capitol Hill and in the White House. He is a popular church and conference speaker and former co-host of a national radio talk program.

John A. Bloom, Ph.D., Ph.D.

Professor of Physics
Academic Chair of the Master of Arts Program in Science and Religion

Ph.D., M.S. in Physics, Cornell University; Ph.D., M..A., in Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Annenberg Research Institute; M.A., M.Div., Biblical Theological Seminary.

John A. Bloom, Ph.D., Ph.D., is Professor of Physics at Biola University. He holds multiple degrees, including two doctorate degrees, one inPhysics from Cornell University, and another in Ancient Near Eastern Studies from the Annenberg Research Institute. Additionally, he holds a Masters of Divinity from Biblical Theological Seminary and is the author of “The Natural Sciences: A Student’s Guide” in Crossway’s “Reclaiming the Christian Intellectual Tradition” book series. He has also written articles such as "On Human Origins: A Survey",“Creation Accounts and Ancient Near Eastern Religions,” "Why Isn't the Evidence Clearer", and "Finding Truth in Religion; Is There a Factual Basis?" His research interests include the integration of Christianity with sciences and apologetics. 

William Lane Craig, D.Theol., Ph.D.

Research Professor of Philosophy, Talbot School of Theology

D. Theol., Ludwig-Maximilliéns-Universität München, Germany; Ph.D., University of Birmingham, England; M.A., Trinity Evangelical Divinity School

Dr. Craig is one of the world's leading philosophers of religion and holds the position of research professor of philosophy at Talbot School of Theology, Biola University. He holds a Ph.D. in Philosophy from the university of Birmingham, England, and a D.Theol. from the University of Munich, Germany. He is the author or editor of numerous cutting-edge works in philosophy, theology, and apologetics, including The Kalam Cosmological Argument, Assessing the New Testament Evidence for the Historicity of the Resurrection of Jesus, Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom, Theism, Atheism and Big Bang Cosmology, and God, Time and Eternity, as well as over a hundred articles in professional journals of philosophy and theology. Find him on the web at www.reasonablefaith.org

Sean McDowell, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Apologetics

Ph.D. in Apologetics and Worldview Studies, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary; M.A. in Philosophy, Talbot School of Theology; M.A. in Theology, Talbot School of Theology

Sean McDowell is an Assistant Professor of Apologetics at Biola University. He has authored, edited and contributed to 15 books and written dozens of articles in the fields of apologetics, philosophy, culture and ethics. He is an award-winning teacher and has authored or co-authored several books, including The Fate of the Apostles, A New Kind of Apologist, and the recently updated version of More Than a Carpenter. McDowell graduated from Biola's Talbot school of Theology in 2003 with a double Master's degree in Philosophy and Theology. His Ph.D. is in Apologetics and Worldview Studies. Follow Sean on twitter at @Sean_McDowell

Garrett J. DeWeese, Ph.D.

Professor of Philosophy of Religion and Ethics
Director of the Th.M. emphasis in Philosophical and Moral Theology

Ph.D., M.A., University of Colorado, Boulder; Th.M. Dallas Theological Seminary; B.S., United States Air Force Academy; Studied at the Sorbonne, Paris

Dr. DeWeese is the author of God and the Nature of Time as well as articles and papers such as Eternal God: Atemporal, Sempiternal, or Omnitemporal?, Cloning Persons: Metaphysical and Ethical Issues, and Timeless God, Tenseless Time.

Alan W. Gomes, Ph.D.

Professor of Historical Theology
Chair, Systematic and Historical Theology Department

Ph.D., Fuller Theological Seminary; M.Div., Th.M., Talbot Theological Seminary; B.A., University of California, Santa Barbara

In addition to a range of published articles, Dr. Gomes is series editor of the 15-volume Zondervan Guide to Cults and Religious Movements, and wrote three books in the series: Unmasking the Cults, Unitarian Universalism, and Truth and Error: Comparative Charts of Cults and Christianity. He also edited an updated edition of W.G.T. Shedd's Dogmatic Theology.

Mihretu P. Guta, PhD.

Adjunct Professor

Ph.D., Durham University, UK, M.A. in Philosophy, Biola University, M.A. in Science and Religion, Biola University, BTh in Academic Theology, Evangelical Theological College, Ethiopia

Mihretu P. Guta, PhD., has research interest in a wide range of issues in the area of metaphysics and philosophy of mind. His other research interest areas include: philosophy of religion, philosophy of language/logic, epistemology, ethics, philosophical theology, the philosophy of cognitive neuroscience and the philosophy of quantum physics. After completing his PhD, Guta spent a year at Durham University in the UK as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow within the Durham Emergence Project, set up with cooperation between physicists and philosophers (funded by the John Templeton Foundation). His postdoctoral research was focused on the nature of the emergence of the phenomenal consciousness taken from the standpoint of metaphysics, philosophy of mind, neuroscience and quantum physics. Recently Guta edited (with Sophie Gibb) a Special Issue for the Journal of Consciousness Studies entitled “Insights into the First-Person Person Perspective and the Self: An Interdisciplinary Approach”, (Imprint Academic, 2015). He has published articles, short response commentaries and book reviews in academic journals such as Philosophia Christi, Analysis, Journal of Consciousness Studies and the Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation. In the past the places where Guta presented research/public lectures include: Durham University (UK), University of Vienna, University of Finland, Boston University, Biola University, Ethiopian Graduate School of Theology and Evangelical Theological College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Currently, Guta is working on a book manuscript entitled: The Metaphysics of Substance and Personhood: A Non-Theory Laden Approach.

Gary R. Habermas, Ph.D.

Regular Visiting Professor of Historical Apologetics

Ph.D., Michigan State University; Professor of Philosophy and Theology, Liberty University

Author or editor of numerous books including In Defense of Miracles, The Historical Jesus, Verdict on the Shroud, and The Resurrection of Jesus.

Clay Jones, D.Min.

Associate Professor of Christian Apologetics

Doctor of Ministry, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School; M.Div.; B.A., philosophy

Clay Jones holds a Doctor of Ministry degree from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and is an associate professor in the Master of Arts in Christian Apologetics Program at Biola University. Formerly, Clay hosted Contend for Truth, a nationally syndicated call-in, talk-radio program where he debated professors, radio talk show hosts, cultists, religious leaders, and representatives from animal rights, abortion rights, gay rights, and atheist organizations. Clay was the CEO of Simon Greenleaf University (now Trinity Law and Graduate Schools) and was on the pastoral staff of two large churches. Clay is a contributing writer for the Christian Research Journal and specializes in issues related to why God allows evil. You can read his blog atwww.clayjones.net, find him on Facebook, and follow him on Twitter at @ClayBJones.

Kevin A. Lewis, J.D., Th.M.

Associate Professor of Theology and Law

J.D., Whittier Law School; Th.M., Talbot School of Theology; M.Div. in Systematic Theology, Talbot School of Theology; B.A. in Religious Studies, CSULB

Kevin Lewis is a Professor of Theology and Law at Biola University. Professor Lewis’s research interests include the fields of Polemical & Elenctic Theology, Systematic Theology, Christian Apologetics, Theology and Law integration, and Jurisprudence & Public Policy. Professor Lewis is the Founder and President of the Institute for Theology & Law ( www.itlnet.org ). ITL was formed to equip Christians with resources to engage the culture in the fields of law, justice, and public policy from a foundation of Protestant Orthodox theology. Professor Lewis is an active lecturer and seminar speaker at churches, colleges, and conferences and has appeared on many radio programs, both as a guest and a host, and television shows addressing a variety of theological, legal, political, and apologetics topics. Professor Lewis is also a practicing attorney and a partner in the Law Office of Lewis & Lewis ( www.lewislaw.info ) and is an affiliate attorney with the Pacific Justice Institute.

Kathy McReynolds, Ph.D.

Adjunct Professor in the Biblical Studies Department and Apologetics Department, Biola University

Ph.D, Religion & Ethics, USC; M.A. Talbot School of Theology, Biola University; B.A., Biola University

Dr. McReynolds has written several articles and commentaries for Baker and Broadman/Holman Publishers. She is also the author of several books including The Pilgrim Psalms, Women as Christ's Disciples, and Enhancing Our Way to Happiness? and serves as the Director of Public Policy, in the Christian Institute on Disability for Joni and Friends International Disability Center.

J. P. Moreland, Ph.D.

Distinguished Professor of Philosophy

Ph.D., University of Southern California; Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary; M.A., University of California, Riverside

He has authored or co-authored books including Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview, Christianity and the Nature of Science, Scaling the Secular City, Does God Exist?, Immortality: The Other Side of Death, and The Life and Death Debate: Moral Issues of Our Times. He is co-editor of Christian Perspectives on Being Human and Jesus Under Fire: Modern Scholarship Reinvents the Historical Jesus. His work appears in scholarly journals throughout the world. Find him on the web at www.jpmoreland.com

Jonathan Morrow, D.Min, M.Div., M.A.

Adjunct Professor

D. Min., M.Div and M.A. in Philosophy of Religion and Ethics, Talbot School of Theology

Founder of Think Christianly. Author of Welcome to College: A Christ-follower’s Guide for the Journey, Questioning the Bible: 11 Major Challenges to the Bible’s Authority, Think Christianly: Looking at the Intersection of Faith and Culture, and Is God Just a Human Invention? And Seventeen Other Questions Raised by the New Atheists (with Sean McDowell). Contributed several articles to the Apologetics Study Bible for Students and has written for Leadership Journal Online (of Christianity Today). Served as the equipping pastor for 6 years at Fellowship Bible Church in Murfreesboro, TN. Currently the Director of Cultural Engagement and Immersion at Impact 360 Institute where he trains high school and college students in Christian worldview, apologetics, and leadership and serves as an adjunct professor of apologetics at Biola University. He and his wife have been married for 15 years and have three children.

Scott B. Rae, Ph.D.

Professor of Biblical Studies and Christian Ethics

Ph.D., University of Southern California; Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary; B.A., Southern Methodist University

Dr. Rae has authored 6 books in ethics including The Ethics of Commercial Surrogate Motherhood, Moral Choices: An Introduction to Ethics, Brave New Families: Biblical Ethics and Reproductive Technologies, Beyond Integrity: A Judeo-Christian Approach to Business Ethics, and Body and Soul: Human Nature and the Crisis in Ethics. His work has appeared in scholarly journals. He is a consultant for ethics for four Southern California hospitals. He is a fellow of the Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity and a fellow of the Wilberforce Forum.

Kenneth Samples, M.A.

Adjunct Professor

M.A. Theological Studies, Talbot School of Theology

Senior research scholar at Reasons To Believe (RTB) and author of Without a Doubt and A World of Difference, he has contributed to numerous other books, including: Lights in the Sky & Little Green Men, The Cult of the Virgin, and Prophets of the Apocalypse. He has written articles for Christianity Today and The Christian Research Journal, and regularly participates in RTB’s webcasts and podcasts, including Straight Thinking, a podcast dedicated to encouraging Christians to utilize sound reasoning in their apologetics. He also writes for the ministry’s daily blog, Today’s New Reason to Believe.

R. Scott Smith, Ph.D.

Academic Chair of the Master of Arts Program in Christian Apologetics

Associate Professor of Ethics and Christian Apologetics

Ph.D., M.A., Religion and Social Ethics, University of Southern California. M.A., Philosophy of Religion and Ethics, Talbot School of Theology

R. Scott Smith, Ph.D isProfessor of Ethics and Apologetics in the Christian Apologetics Program at Biola University. He holds a Ph. D in Religion and Social Ethics from the University of Southern California. He is the author of several books, including In Search of Moral Knowledge: Overcoming the Fact-Value Dichotomy; Naturalism and Our Knowledge of Reality: Testing Religious Truth-claims; and Truth and the New Kind of Christian: The Emerging Effects of Postmodernism in the Church. He also serves as a secretary-treasuer of the Evangelical Philosophical Society.

Regular Visiting Lecturers

Greg Koukl, M.A.

Lecturer in Christian Apologetics

M.A. in Philosophy of Religion and Ethics, Biola University
M.A. in Christian Apologetics, Simon Greenleaf University

Author of numerous articles in Christian Apologetics and co-author of the book Relativism: Feet Planted Firmly in Mid-Air. Founder and president of the apologetics ministry "Stand to Reason," editor of the periodical Solid Ground, and an experienced radio apologist.

Lee Strobel, M.S.L.

M.S.L., Yale Law School

Mr. Strobel is the author of The Case for a Creator, God’s Outrageous Claims, The Case for Christmas, The Case for Easter, and Surviving a Spiritual Mismatch in Marriage, which he wrote with his wife, Leslie. For two seasons, Lee was executive producer and host of the weekly national network television program Faith Under Fire. He is also a contributing editor and columnist for Outreach magazine.

J. Warner Wallace, M.A.

Adjunct Professor

M.A. in Theological Studies, Golden Gate Baptist Theological Seminary

J. Warner Wallace is a cold-case homicide detective, adjunct professor of apologetics at Biola University, Christian case-maker and author. He is the author of the book Cold Case Christianity.

Clinton E. Arnold, Ph.D.

Professor of New Testament Language and Literature
Chair, New Testament Department, Talbot School of Theology

Ph.D., University of Aberdeen

He is the editor of the four-volume Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary, Ephesians: Power and Magic, Powers of Darkness: Principalities and Powers in Paul's Letters, The Colossian Syncretism and many scholarly articles.

R. Douglas Geivett, Ph.D.

Professor of Philosophy of Religion and Ethics

Ph.D., University of Southern California; M.A., Gonzaga University; M.A., Dallas Theological Seminary.

In addition to a number of scholarly articles, he is the author of Evil and the Evidence for God and co-editor of Contemporary Perspectives on Religious Epistemology and In Defense of Miracles: A Comprehensive Case for God's Action in History. He is also an experienced debater on issues in the philosophy of religion.

Joe Hellerman, Ph.D.

Professor of Biblical Literature

Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles; Th.M., Talbot School of Theology

Author of a significant new book on early Christian communities The Ancient Church as Family. In addition to his fine academic work, Dr. Hellerman has been a pastor for nearly a decade at Oceanside Christian Fellowship.

David A. Horner, D.Phil.

Professor of Philosophy and Biblical Studies

D.Phil., M.Phil., Oxford University; M.A., Denver Seminary

Dr. Horner has taught at the University of Oxford, Denver Seminary, and served as a Visiting Scholar and Research Associate at the University of Colorado. He has lectured in numerous classrooms and university forums nationally and in Europe. His research interests lie in ethical theory, and the history of philosophy, particularly ancient and medieval ethics. He also serves as Research Scholar for Centers for Christian Study, International, and on the Advisory Board of Character Matters. Dr. Horner has written numerous articles on apologetics, ethics, and ancient and medieval philosophy.

Joshua Lingel, M.A., M.A.

Lecturer/Researcher in Islamic Studies and Apologetics

M.A. Philosophy of Religion and Ethics, Talbot School of Theology; M.A. Islamic Studies/History/Islamic Societies and Cultures, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London; B.A. Political Science, University of Washington; Continued Studies at Harvard University in Arabic, Islamic Law, and Terrorism; Knox Seminary: Missiology, Muslim Evangelism, Church Planting in Muslim Contexts, Christian-Muslim Theological Issues

Joshua is the founder and director of i2 Ministries. He has been asked to participate and/or give scholarly papers at the Corpus Coranicum – Exploring the Textual Beginnings of the Qur’an (University of Berlin); The Syriac Aramaic Qur’an (University of Notre Dame) and Inrah Institute for Research of Early Islamic History and the Koran Conference 2008

Mark Mittelberg, M.A.

Executive Director, Willow Creek Association

M.A., Trinity Evangelical Divinity School

Mr. Mittelberg is the author of Building a Contagious Church, co-author of Becoming a Contagious Christian, contributing editor of The Journey Bible and columnist for Outreach magazine.

Tim Muehlhoff, Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Communication

Ph.D., M.A., University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Dr. Muehlhoff is the co-author of The God Conversation and has written about marriage, faith, and communication in diverse journals and magazines such as the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, Journal of Religion and Communication, Mars Hill Review, and Discipleship Journal.

John Mark Reynolds, Ph.D.

Regular Visiting Professor of Cultural Apologetics
Founder of the Torrey Honors Institute

Ph.D., M.A., University of Rochester

Co-author of Three Views on the Creation and Evolution Debate, author of Toward a Unified Human Platonic Psychology and Athens and Jerusalem. His articles have appeared in technical journals and periodicals such as New Oxford Review and Touchstone and he blogs regularly at johnmarkreynolds.com.

Walter Russell, Ph.D.

Professor of New Testament Language and Literature

Ph.D., Westminster Theological Seminary; Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary; M.A., Mount Saint Mary's Seminary; B.S., University of Missouri

Dr Russell is the author of The Flesh/Spirit Conflict in Galatians and Playing with Fire: How the Bible Ignites Change in Your Soul. He has contributed articles to numerous scholarly journals.

Fred Sanders, Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Theology
Tutor for the Torrey Honors Institute

Ph.D., Graduate Theological Union; M.Div, Ashbury Theological Seminary

Dr. Sanders is the author of The Image of the Immanent Trinity: Rahner's Rule and the Theological Interpretation of Scripture, and numerous articles on the doctrine of the Trinity. He also wrote and illustrated four volumes of theological comic books, Dr. Doctrine's Christian Comix.

Recent Visiting Lecturers

David Alan Black, D.Theol.

Professor of New Testament and Greek, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary

D. Theol., University of Basel, Switzerland

Dr. Black is the author of numerous books in New Testament language and literature including New Testament Textual Criticism, Why Four Gospels? and The Language of the New Testament.

Hugh Hewitt, J.D.

Professor of Law, Chapman University

J.D., University of Michigan Law School; B.A. Harvard University

Emmy Award Winning Co-Host of "Life and Times" on PBS

Prof. Hewitt held several positions in the Reagan White House and is now a partner in the law firm of Hewitt & McGuire. He regularly appears as a commentator on national television and is the author of several books including The Embarrassed Believer: Reviving Christian Witness in an Age of Unbelief and Searching for God in America.

Phillip E. Johnson, J.D.

Regular Visiting Professor of Cultural Apologetics; Professor of Law, Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley

J.D., University of Chicago; B.A., Harvard University

Former Clerk to the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court

Author of the revolutionary book, Darwin on Trial, as well as Defeating Darwinism, Reason in the Balance, The Wedge of Truth, The Right Questions and Objections Sustained. Author of seminal articles countering the philosophical naturalism that underlies most of evolutionary theory and research. His provocative books and articles have inspired academic symposia at universities such as Stanford, Harvard, Chicago, Cornell, SMU and the University of Texas. In these settings, he has exchanged views with and debated such scientific and philosophic luminaries as Michael Ruse, Stephen Gould, William Provine, and Steven Weinberg.

Alvin Plantinga, Ph.D.

John A. O'Brien Professor of Philosophy, Notre Dame University

Ph.D., Yale University

Dr. Plantinga has been called "the most important philosopher of religion now writing." Widely acclaimed for his work on the metaphysics of modality, the ontological argument, the problem of evil and the epistemology of religious belief, he is the author or editor of 7 books including Warranted Christian Belief, God and Other Minds, The Nature of Necessity, and Faith and Rationality.

Ron Rhodes, Th.D.

Regular Visiting Professor of Theological Apologetics

Th.D., Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary; B.A., Houston Baptist University

Author of numerous articles and books including The Heart of Christianity, When Cultists Ask, Christ before the Manger, The New Age Movement and more. Founder and president of Reasoning from the Scriptures Ministries.