Courses | Human Biology, B.S.

Summary

Below are some of the courses you’ll have an opportunity to take as a student in this program. Note: This list is intended to give you a quick glimpse into the program’s academic offerings, and should not be used as a guide for course selection or academic advising. For official program requirements see catalog for details.

General Education

An introduction to philosophy through a study of the principal ethical theories and thinkers; basic ethical problems and related biblical teaching. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Philosophy credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.


Concentrations

Pre-Chiropractic

Introductory course for majors emphasizing the principles of cellular and molecular biology, genetics, and development.
Prerequisites: Passing score on Chemistry Placement Exam; or CHEM 104 or CHEM 107 with at least a "B-" or BIOS 112 with at least a "C".
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: BIOS 113.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Introductory course for biological science majors emphasizing the principles of systematics and biodiversity, population genetics and origins theories, ecology, and anatomy and physiology. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: BIOS 114.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

This laboratory accompanies BIOS 111 and is divided between observational and experimental approaches, with emphasis on the collection and interpretation of quantitative data. Frequent lab discussion of relevant issues and literature will be included.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: BIOS 111.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $95.

This laboratory, which accompanies BIOS 114, will involve dissection as well as experimentation. A field project involving the La Mirada Creek is included. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: BIOS 112.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $95.

Writing for competency in the biological sciences. Students will get instruction and practice in science writing for the biological sciences as well as the two portions of the writing competency requirement. At the end of the course, students will take the timed writing portion of the writing competency requirement. Notes: This course is required for all biological sciences, human biology and environmental science majors. It is highly recommended that this course be taken during the student's sophomore year, but it may be taken later.
Prerequisites: BIOS 111 or BIOS 112; and ENGL 100 or ENGL 112.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must not be Freshman Class; and must be Undergraduate Level.

An introduction to the basic structure and function of the human body. Laboratory emphasis varies from section to section to meet the needs of the different majors. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lectures, one hour pre-lab, three hours laboratory. Notes: Cadavers are used.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

A study of the basic concepts of physiological regulation from the level of the cell to the integrated intact organism including neural, muscular, and neuro-endocrine regulatory systems. Laboratory includes human systems analysis and electrophysiology. Prerequisites: CHEM 106 or CHEM 112 or CHEM 120.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, one hour pre-lab, three hours laboratory.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

A study of microbial organisms with emphasis on bacteria and viruses, including their morphology, physiology, metabolism and genetics; host parasite interactions; humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Laboratory practice in handling microorganisms, including identification and culture techniques. Prerequisites: CHEM 106 or CHEM 112 or CHEM 120.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

Principles and theories of the structure and properties of matter including stoichiometry, atomic theory, the periodic table, chemical bonding, molecular structure, nomenclature, chemical reactions, states of matter, gas laws and solutions. Prerequisites: Passing score on Chemistry Placement Exam; or CHEM 092, CHEM 104, or CHEM 107 with at least a "B-".
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory; one hour recitation, weekly. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $110.

Continuation of General Chemistry I. Subjects include chemical kinetics, equilibrium, thermodynamics, solubility, acidity, electrochemistry, coordination complexes and various special topics. Prerequisites: CHEM 105.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory; one hour recitation, weekly. Notes: A minimum grade of a "C-" is required to subsequently register in CHEM 301 or 320.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $110.

The first semester of the traditional yearlong course in organic chemistry. Structure, properties and reactivity of carbon-containing compounds with emphasis on reaction mechanisms. An introduction to the major functional groups and the instrumental methods for structure determination: IR, NMR, and MS.
Prerequisites: CHEM 106 with a grade of "C-" or better.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: CHEM 311.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Basic laboratory techniques for the synthesis, isolation, purification and analysis of organic compounds including the major chromatographic methods, TLC, GC, LC. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours laboratory weekly.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: CHEM 301.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $150.

Sets, the real number system, relations, functions, graphs, algebraic processes, inequalities, trigonometric functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, introduction to sequences. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Math credit. May not be counted toward the major.
Prerequisites: Three years of high school mathematics.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Limits, differentiation and integration of rational and trigonometric functions, with applications. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Math credit.
Prerequisites: Four years of high school mathematics.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Nature of statistical methods, description of sample data, fundamental concepts of probability, probability distributions, sampling, estimation, correlation and regression, application of same. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Math credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Prepares the student for biostatistical application essential to practice in evidence-based professions. Content includes: descriptive statistics; probability theory and rules; discrete and continuous probability distributions; sampling distributions; confidence intervals; hypothesis testing; experimental design; ANOVA; linear and multiple regression; contingency table analysis; non-parametrics; survival analysis; discussion of the use of statistics in journal articles. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Math credit. Credit given for only one of 210 and 318.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

A study of mechanics, heat and sound. Intended for non-Physical Science majors. Principles are treated quantitatively but without a calculus requirement. Prerequisites: Passing score on the Physics Placement Exam or PHSC 092 with a grade of "C" or better. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, one hour recitation weekly. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Corequisites: PHSC 117.
Restrictions: Must not be Engineering Physics (PHEP), Physical Science (PHSC) or Chemistry (CHEM); and must be Undergraduate Level.

Continued from Physics I; includes electricity, magnetism, elementary circuits, optics, and modern physics. Prerequisites: PHSC 111, PHSC 117. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, one hour recitation weekly.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Corequisites: PHSC 118.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Application of the laws and theories of mechanics, heat and sound through experiment. Laboratory to accompany Physics I. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours laboratory weekly. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: PHSC 111.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $90.

Application of the laws and theories of electricity, magnetism, circuits and optics through experiment. Laboratory to accompany Physics II. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours laboratory weekly.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: PHSC 112.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $90.

A survey of psychology as an empirical/behavioral science with a consideration of underlying philosophical bases in light of a Christian worldview. Topics to be surveyed include development, cognition, learning, motivation, physiology, socialization, personality and psychopathology. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Behavioral Science credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Pre-Health Care Professional

Core Courses:

Introductory course for majors emphasizing the principles of cellular and molecular biology, genetics, and development.
Prerequisites: Passing score on Chemistry Placement Exam; or CHEM 104 or CHEM 107 with at least a "B-" or BIOS 112 with at least a "C".
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: BIOS 113.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Introductory course for biological science majors emphasizing the principles of systematics and biodiversity, population genetics and origins theories, ecology, and anatomy and physiology. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: BIOS 114.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

This laboratory accompanies BIOS 111 and is divided between observational and experimental approaches, with emphasis on the collection and interpretation of quantitative data. Frequent lab discussion of relevant issues and literature will be included.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: BIOS 111.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $95.

This laboratory, which accompanies BIOS 114, will involve dissection as well as experimentation. A field project involving the La Mirada Creek is included. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: BIOS 112.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $95.

Writing for competency in the biological sciences. Students will get instruction and practice in science writing for the biological sciences as well as the two portions of the writing competency requirement. At the end of the course, students will take the timed writing portion of the writing competency requirement. Notes: This course is required for all biological sciences, human biology and environmental science majors. It is highly recommended that this course be taken during the student's sophomore year, but it may be taken later.
Prerequisites: BIOS 111 or BIOS 112; and ENGL 100 or ENGL 112.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must not be Freshman Class; and must be Undergraduate Level.

An introduction to the basic structure and function of the human body. Laboratory emphasis varies from section to section to meet the needs of the different majors. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lectures, one hour pre-lab, three hours laboratory. Notes: Cadavers are used.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

A study of the basic concepts of physiological regulation from the level of the cell to the integrated intact organism including neural, muscular, and neuro-endocrine regulatory systems. Laboratory includes human systems analysis and electrophysiology. Prerequisites: CHEM 106 or CHEM 112 or CHEM 120.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, one hour pre-lab, three hours laboratory.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

Discusses the embryology of the nervous system, the structure and function of the different cells of the nervous system and transmission by neurons. Emphasis on understanding cellular organization and neurophysiology of major subsystems of the vertebrate nervous system.
Prerequisites: BIOS 111 and BIOS 112; or BIOS 254 or BIOS 236.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Discusses the molecular organization and function of cells and their organelles, with emphasis on chromosome structure, gene expression, membrane structure and function, energy conversion, and experimental methods used to study subcellular components.
Prerequisites: BIOS 111 and BIOS 113. CHEM 301 and CHEM 311; or CHEM 320, or CHEM 321 and CHEM 322 (concurrent registration permitted).
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Practical application of traditional and current laboratory techniques used in research and industry, including microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, histology, chromosomal analysis, tissue cell culture, isolation and purification of DNA, RNA and proteins, PCR, proper documentation and protocols and other laboratory writing skills are emphasized. Prerequisites: BIOS 111 and BIOS 113. CHEM 301 and CHEM 311; or CHEM 320, or CHEM 321 and CHEM 322 (concurrent registration permitted).
Lecture/Lab Hours: Six hours of laboratory, one hour discussion.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

Principles and theories of the structure and properties of matter including stoichiometry, atomic theory, the periodic table, chemical bonding, molecular structure, nomenclature, chemical reactions, states of matter, gas laws and solutions. Prerequisites: Passing score on Chemistry Placement Exam; or CHEM 092, CHEM 104, or CHEM 107 with at least a "B-".
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory; one hour recitation, weekly. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $110.

Continuation of General Chemistry I. Subjects include chemical kinetics, equilibrium, thermodynamics, solubility, acidity, electrochemistry, coordination complexes and various special topics. Prerequisites: CHEM 105.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory; one hour recitation, weekly. Notes: A minimum grade of a "C-" is required to subsequently register in CHEM 301 or 320.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $110.

The first semester of the traditional yearlong course in organic chemistry. Structure, properties and reactivity of carbon-containing compounds with emphasis on reaction mechanisms. An introduction to the major functional groups and the instrumental methods for structure determination: IR, NMR, and MS.
Prerequisites: CHEM 106 with a grade of "C-" or better.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: CHEM 311.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Basic laboratory techniques for the synthesis, isolation, purification and analysis of organic compounds including the major chromatographic methods, TLC, GC, LC. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours laboratory weekly.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: CHEM 301.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $150.

The structure, properties and reactivity of organic and biological molecules.

Nature of statistical methods, description of sample data, fundamental concepts of probability, probability distributions, sampling, estimation, correlation and regression, application of same. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Math credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Prepares the student for biostatistical application essential to practice in evidence-based professions. Content includes: descriptive statistics; probability theory and rules; discrete and continuous probability distributions; sampling distributions; confidence intervals; hypothesis testing; experimental design; ANOVA; linear and multiple regression; contingency table analysis; non-parametrics; survival analysis; discussion of the use of statistics in journal articles. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Math credit. Credit given for only one of 210 and 318.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Human movement with emphasis on the structure and function of the skeletal, muscular and nervous systems, with simple mechanical principles involved in movement skills.
Prerequisites: PEED majors: BIOS 236 or BIOS 254; Non-PEED majors: BIOS 254.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Basic physiological concepts of muscular exercise with emphasis on the acute responses and chronic adaptations of the neuromuscular, circulatory and respiratory systems.
Prerequisites: PEED majors: BIOS 236 or (BIOS 254 and BIOS 281); Non-PEED majors: BIOS 254 and BIOS 281.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

A study of mechanics, heat and sound. Intended for non-Physical Science majors. Principles are treated quantitatively but without a calculus requirement. Prerequisites: Passing score on the Physics Placement Exam or PHSC 092 with a grade of "C" or better. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, one hour recitation weekly. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Corequisites: PHSC 117.
Restrictions: Must not be Engineering Physics (PHEP), Physical Science (PHSC) or Chemistry (CHEM); and must be Undergraduate Level.

Continued from Physics I; includes electricity, magnetism, elementary circuits, optics, and modern physics. Prerequisites: PHSC 111, PHSC 117. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, one hour recitation weekly.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Corequisites: PHSC 118.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Application of the laws and theories of mechanics, heat and sound through experiment. Laboratory to accompany Physics I. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours laboratory weekly. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Science credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: PHSC 111.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $90.

Application of the laws and theories of electricity, magnetism, circuits and optics through experiment. Laboratory to accompany Physics II. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours laboratory weekly.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: PHSC 112.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $90.

A survey of psychology as an empirical/behavioral science with a consideration of underlying philosophical bases in light of a Christian worldview. Topics to be surveyed include development, cognition, learning, motivation, physiology, socialization, personality and psychopathology. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Behavioral Science credit.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Nature, causes and treatment of abnormal behavior, including the full range of mental disorders identified within current categorical systems.
Prerequisites: Acceptance into the Psychology Major, or a Psychology Minor.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Psychology - UG Department; and Undergraduate Level.

A study of the theory and research concerning lifespan development. Consideration will be given to the physical, emotional, cognitive, social and moral aspects of human development across the entire span from conception to death. Discussion will include timely issues of personal relevance to the student's own developmental pathway.
Prerequisites: Acceptance into the Psychology Major, or a Psychology Minor.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Psychology - UG Department; and Undergraduate Level.

Elective Courses:

A study of microbial organisms with emphasis on bacteria and viruses, including their morphology, physiology, metabolism and genetics; host parasite interactions; humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Laboratory practice in handling microorganisms, including identification and culture techniques. Prerequisites: CHEM 106 or CHEM 112 or CHEM 120.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

The biology of vertebrates, stressing structure and function. Laboratory dissection of representative vertebrates emphasizes comparative anatomy.
Prerequisites: BIOS 100 and BIOS 110; or BIOS 112 and BIOS 114.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $95.

An introduction to the human body through dissection and demonstration of a selected portion of a human cadaver. Lecture/Lab Hours: Thirty hours of laboratory. Notes: Special Approval Required. May be taken for a total of 2 credits.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Dissection $95.

Study of molecular structure, absorption and cellular use of macro and micronutrients as well as dietary deficiencies and disorders. Analyzes food production, distribution, preparation and digestion. Human health is emphasized. Laboratory includes food analysis, preparation and field trips.

Integrates principles of Mendelian and molecular genetics toward understanding structure and function of the gene. Emphasizes quantitative analysis of genetic data and explores current issues of genetic engineering from technical and ethical viewpoints. Prerequisites: CHEM 301 and CHEM 311; or CHEM 320, or CHEM 321 and CHEM 322 (concurrent registration permitted).
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, four hours lab.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

Same as BIOS 282, with the additional requirement of microbial isolation and identification of field and clinical samples. An 8–10 page research paper and presentation on one of these isolations is also required. Prerequisites: CHEM 106 or CHEM 112 or CHEM 120.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $95.

Taxonomy, life history, physiology, molecular basis, ecology, and morphology of animal parasites with emphasis on those affecting humans. Prerequisites: BIOS 111 and BIOS 113; and BIOS 112 and BIOS 114.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Junior Class, or Senior Class; and Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

Structures and properties of biomolecular components of cells: including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleotides, nucleic acids, vitamins and coenzymes, kinetics and mechanism and regulation of enzymes action in biological systems.
Prerequisites: BIOS 312; CHEM 302.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Mathematical treatment of bioenergetics emphasizing major concepts and problem solving; principles of metabolic processes.
Prerequisites: BIOS 312; CHEM 302.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

A laboratory course to accompany BIOS 411, BIOS 412 (CHEM 411, CHEM 412). The isolation, characterization and analysis of biomolecules including the use of biochemical instrumentation and methodology for work in protein structure, enzymology, metabolism and genetics.
Prerequisites: BIOS 411 or CHEM 411.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $150.

Analyzes the molecular, genetic and cellular mechanisms that control fertilization, the development of body form, cell specialization and differentiation as well as metamorphosis, maturation and aging. Laboratory emphasizes gametogenesis, fertilization, comparative embryology of vertebrates and invertebrates and directed experimental manipulation of embryos. Prerequisites: BIOS 312.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

A study of the structures and functions of the immune system, humoral and cell mediated immunity and analysis of medically significant disorders of the immune system. Prerequisites: BIOS 281 or BIOS 282 or BIOS 312 or BIOS 382.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory weekly.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: Lab $95.

Virology is a course that examines the diversity of plant, animal and bacterial viruses. Emphasis on topics such as: molecular interactions between the host and virus, the genetics and chemical nature of viruses and the replication strategies of viruses. How viruses caused disease, how they are used in biotechnology and their overall impact on society will also be discussed. Bacteriophage and tissues culture techniques will be stressed in laboratory. Prerequisites: BIOS 111 and BIOS 113; BIOS 282 or BIOS 380.
Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, four hour laboratory.
Grade Mode: A, N.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $95.

  • Pre-Medical Practicum
  • Pre-Dental Practicum
  • Pre-Medical Technology
  • Pre-Veterinary Practicum

Practicum: A professionally supervised observation, demonstration and study in a local medical, dental or laboratory facility. Introduction to health care philosophies, hospital and patient routines, personnel, instrumentation and specific treatment practices.

Continuation of Organic Chemistry I. Continued work with more complicated reactions and mechanisms. An introduction to computer-based drawing and searching tools. The last third of the course is devoted to the structure and properties of major biochemical substances.
Prerequisites: CHEM 301.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: CHEM 312.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Continuation of the laboratory methods in organic chemistry including the major structural determination and analysis tools of NMR, IR, HPLC, UV/Vis. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours laboratory weekly.
Grade Mode: A.
Corequisites: CHEM 302.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.
Fees: $150.

Human movement with emphasis on the structure and function of the skeletal, muscular and nervous systems, with simple mechanical principles involved in movement skills.
Prerequisites: PEED majors: BIOS 236 or BIOS 254; Non-PEED majors: BIOS 254.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Basic physiological concepts of muscular exercise with emphasis on the acute responses and chronic adaptations of the neuromuscular, circulatory and respiratory systems.
Prerequisites: PEED majors: BIOS 236 or (BIOS 254 and BIOS 281); Non-PEED majors: BIOS 254 and BIOS 281.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Undergraduate Level.

Nature, causes and treatment of abnormal behavior, including the full range of mental disorders identified within current categorical systems.
Prerequisites: Acceptance into the Psychology Major, or a Psychology Minor.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Psychology - UG Department; and Undergraduate Level.

A study of the theory and research concerning lifespan development. Consideration will be given to the physical, emotional, cognitive, social and moral aspects of human development across the entire span from conception to death. Discussion will include timely issues of personal relevance to the student's own developmental pathway.
Prerequisites: Acceptance into the Psychology Major, or a Psychology Minor.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Psychology - UG Department; and Undergraduate Level.

An in-depth study of theory and research concerning the child and adolescent period. Issues to be considered will include physiological, psychological, social, behavioral, and spiritual development from the period of conception through adolescence. Both pathogenic and adaptive patterns will be addressed with a view to facilitating optimal development.
Prerequisites: Acceptance into the Psychology Major, or a Psychology Minor.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Psychology - UG Department; and Undergraduate Level.

An examination of family from three different perspectives: Scriptural, cultural and clinical. A major goal of the course is to stimulate thinking regarding the integration of these perspectives. Particular emphasis will be placed on the study of family purpose, roles within the family, and psychological processes leading to healthy and unhealthy outcomes.
Prerequisites: Acceptance into the Psychology Major, or a Psychology Minor.
Grade Mode: A.
Restrictions: Must be Junior Class, or Senior Class; and Psychology - UG Department; Undergraduate Level.