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Minor in Mathematics

School of Science, Technology and Health


A mathematics minor is offered with the completion of 23 credits, 6 of which must be upper-division. Students must consult with a department advisor. A minimum of 9 credits must also be unique to the minor (not counted toward any other requirements, including minoring in the same department as the major).

Those interested in earning a minor in mathematics may also find themselves considering engineering programs such as the B.S. in Robotics degree and the B.S. in Engineering. They may also be interested in Biola's B.S. in Computer Science program.


Below are the course requirements for this academic program. In addition to these program-specific requirements, all majors include Biola's traditional undergraduate core curriculum. For more program details, including a sample course sequence, visit Biola's academic catalog.

Note: This list is intended to give you a quick glimpse into the program's academic offerings, and should not be used as a guide for course selection or academic advising.

Core Courses

Our upcoming class schedules can be found on Math Course Offerings Schedule.

Introduction to computer hardware and software. Problem solving methods. Elementary concepts of algorithm development. C++ programming. Lecture/Lab Hours: Three hours lecture, one hour lab. Grade Mode: A.

Differentiation and integration of logarithmic, exponential and inverse trigonometric functions; various methods of integration; infinite sequences and series; parametric equations, polar coordinates.

Set theory, Cartesian products, equivalence relations, images and inverse images, induction, recursions, inequalities, and field axioms. Emphasis on how to discover, write and present proofs. Grade Mode: A.

Functions of two and three variables, partial differentiation, multiple integration, curves and surfaces in three dimensional space.

Topics from matrices, determinants, linear transformations and vector spaces. Grade Mode: A.

Possible Electives

The complete course descriptions can be found in the catalog.

Elementary properties of sets, discrete probability and combinatorial analysis, graphs, relations, orderings, functions, simple algebraic structures, binary arithmetic and other bases, methods of proof. Note(s): Completion of three years of high school mathematics strongly recommended. Grade Mode: A.

Nature of statistical methods, description of sample data, fundamental concepts of probability, probability distributions, sampling, estimation, correlation and regression, application of same. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Math credit. Grade Mode: A.
Introduction to abstract algebra with topics from elementary ring, field and group theories. Emphasis on ring of integers, congruences, polynomial domains, permutation groups. When Offered: Alternate years. Grade Mode: A.
Prepares the student for biostatistical application essential to practice in evidence-based professions. Content includes: descriptive statistics; probability theory and rules; discrete and continuous probability distributions; sampling distributions; confidence intervals; hypothesis testing; experimental design; ANOVA; linear and multiple regression; contingency table analysis; non-parametrics; survival analysis; discussion of the use of statistics in journal articles. Notes: Approved for Core Curriculum Math credit. Credit given for only one of 210 and 318. Grade Mode: A.
Estimation: consistency, unbiasedness, maximum likelihood, confidence intervals. Hypothesis-testing; type I and II errors, likelihood ratio tests, test for means and variances; regression and correlation, Chi-square tests, decision theory, nonparametric statistics; application of statistical methods. When Offered: Alternate years. Grade Mode: A.

Mathematical foundations of model building, optimization, linear programming models, game theoretic models. Grade Mode: A.

First order differential equations, second order linear differential equations, power series solutions, Laplace transforms, systems of first order linear equations. When Offered: Spring. Grade Mode: A.

Theorems of Pythagoras, incenters, circumcenters, circles, Euler line, Fermat center. Compass constructions. Solid geometry. Spherical geometry of arcs. Coordinate geometry. When Offered: Alternate years. Grade Mode: A.
Practical experience of applying statistical methods to real-world statistical consulting problems. Initial meeting with client, converting problem to solvable form, conducting analysis, and presenting results to client. Attention given to 'soft' (consultant-client interaction, effective group work, presentation skills) and 'hard' (analysis use of statistical software) aspects of consulting process. Notes: Special approval required. Grade Mode: A.
The history of mathematics from Euclid through the 19th century as seen by exploring developments in number theory including congruences, Diophantine equations, divisibility, theorems of Fermat and Wilson, primitive roots, indices, quadratic reciprocity and the distribution of prime numbers. When Offered: Fall, odd years. Grade Mode: A.
Total Program Credits
Every program at Biola University features rigorous academics, biblically integrated curriculum and vocational preparation.
Biola University is accredited by the WASC Senior College and University Commission. Additional accreditations may apply to specific programs.

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