DepartmentDepartment of Biological Sciences
Biola AffiliationsFaculty
Social Media



  • Ph.D. California Institute of Technology, Chemical Engineering, Division of Chemistry
  • M.S. California Institute of Technology, Chemical Engineering, Division of Chemistry
  • B.S. University of California at Berkeley, Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry


  • American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 
  • Christian Scientific Society


  • Undeniable–How Biology Confirms Our Intuition That Life Is Designed, Axe, Doug, (Harper Collins, 2016). 
  • Axe DD (2017) Three good reasons for people of faith to reject Darwin’s explanation of life. In: Moreland JP, Meyer SC, Shaw C, Gauger AK, Grudem W, eds. Theistic Evolution—A Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Critique. Crossway (Wheaton). [This volume received the 2019 Christian Book Award for Bible Reference Works].
  • Axe DD, Ewert W (2016) Stylus experiments made easy—A free app for personal computers. BIO-Complexity 2016(1): 1-4.
  • Axe DD, Gauger AK (2015) Model and laboratory demonstrations that evolutionary optimization works well only if preceded by invention—Selection itself is not inventive. BIO-Complexity 2015(2): 1-13.
  • Reeves MA, Gauger AK, Axe DD (2014) Enzyme families–Shared evolutionary history or shared design? A study of the GABA-aminotransferase family. BIO-Complexity 2014(4): 1-16.
  • Axe DD, Gauger AK (2013) Explaining metabolic innovation: Neo-Darwinism versus design. In: Marks II RJ, Behe MJ, Gordon BL, Sanford JC, eds. Biologicial Information—New Perspectives. World Scientific (Singapore).
  • Leisola M, Pastinen O, Axe DD (2012) Lignin—Designed randomness. BIO-Complexity 2012(3): 1- 11.
  • Axe DD (2012) Darwin’s little engine that couldn’t. In: Science and Human Origins. Discovery Institute (Seattle).
  • Axe DD, Lu P, Flatau S (2011) A Stylus-generated artificial genome with analogy to minimal bacterial genomes. BIO-Complexity 2011(3): 1-15.
  • Gauger AK, Axe DD (2011) The evolutionary accessibility of new enzyme functions: A case study from the biotin pathway. BIO-Complexity 2011(1): 1-17.


  • Hong Kong Baptist University. Presented on “Hong Kong Summer Lecture Series on Design” (elected to deliver by Skype because of family move). June 2019
  • Harvard College Faith and Action, Cambridge. Presented on “Undeniable—How Biology Confirms Our Intuition That Life Is Designed.” March 2019
  • Cross and Crown Church, Seattle. Presented the Opening Lecture of Reasonable Doubt Lecture Series: “How Biology Confirms That Life Is Designed.” October 2018
  • Pensacola Theological Institute, Pensacola. Presented both “Plenary Lecture: The Undeniability of God’s Design” and “Plenary Lecture: Why Science Needs Faith.” July 2018
  • Colorado State University, Fort Collins Presented on “Undeniable.” October 2017
  • U.S. Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs Presented on “Undeniable.” 
  • SES National Conference on Christian Apologetics, Charlotte. Presented on “Undeniable.” October 2017 
  • Sandhills Apologetics Society, Pinehurst. Presented Plenary Lecture: “Undeniable.” October 2017
  • Mackenzie University, São Paulo. Presented on “Undeniable.” May 2017
  • Beyond Materialism Conference, Cambridge, UK. Presented Plenary Lecture: “Quantifying the Difficulty of Protein to Protein Evolution.” November 2016.


  • Design of Life
  • Directed Research: Microfluidic Study of Genome Stability
  • Directed Research: Computational Biology


Areas of Expertise for Media Interviews

  • Apologetics
  • Biological Sciences
  • Evolution
  • Intelligent Design
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