Vehicle Codes

Statement of Policy

Authority & Jurisdiction

The Biola University Department of Campus Safety has the responsibility and authority to administer the traffic policy for the institution and to control traffic and parking on campus accordingly. The California vehicle code confers the right to Biola University to control traffic and parking on campus. All individuals who register a vehicle with Campus Safety or operate a vehicle on the Biola campus shall abide by the rules set down by this vehicle code and the regulations of the California vehicle code.

Vehicle Insurance

California law requires that every owner and driver of a motor vehicle in this state maintain financial responsibility through liability insurance coverage. Any other means of financial responsibility must be approved by the department of motor vehicles. Anyone who registers a vehicle or drives on Biola property must meet this requirement.


Biola University does not assume responsibility for any damage to a vehicle due to theft, vandalism, flood, fire, or accident.

Permission to Park and Operate a Vehicle on Campus

A parking permit does not guarantee or reserve a place to park. It does give license to drive and park on Biola property in the manner prescribed by this Vehicle Code. Parking permits are required at all times for vehicles parked on Biola property. These privileges may be revoked at any time at the discretion of the university.

Control of University Roads and Parking Lots

The university reserves the right to close any campus parking area when it is necessary for maintenance, safety, or to meet special needs. When possible, notices will be posted indicating the closure.

Suspension of Privileges

The privilege to operate or park a vehicle on campus may be suspended to preserve the safety of the campus at the discretion of the chief of campus safety.

Vehicle Registration & Responsibility

Vehicle Registration

All vehicles parked on campus by students or employees must be registered with the Campus Safety department and display a valid permit at all times. Vehicles that are unregistered or do not display a permit are not permitted to park on campus. Visitors may obtain a permit free of charge from the campus safety office or at an entrance gate-house. After hours, visitors may obtain a one day permit at the communications center in Metzger hall. It is unlawful to forge, fabricate, or alter a parking permit. Parking permits are not transferable and may be used only by the driver and the vehicle they were issued to.

Student Permits

Permits must be displayed on the lower driver side exterior of the rear windshield while parked on Biola property. Permits on convertible vehicles, camper shells, etc. may be displayed on the driver side of the rear bumper. Permits must be removed from their backing and adhered directly to the window; they may not be taped or affixed by any other methods. Permits may not be transferred to another vehicle.

Staff Permits

Permits must be displayed on the interior front windshield (driver side bottom corner). Permits must be clearly visible from the outside. Vehicles displaying a staff permit may park in any staff or student space/lot. Only regular employees may obtain and use a staff permit. Student employees may not use a staff permit to park on campus. Permits must be removed from their backing and adhered directly to the window; they may not be taped or affixed by any other methods. Permits may not be transferred to another vehicle.

Visitor Permits

Permits are required for visitors at all times. Permits are to be placed on the driver side dashboard. Visitors, vendors, and other special groups may obtain a visitor permit at No charge from the department they are visiting. Permits may also be obtained from the campus safety office or Entrance gatehouses during business hours. After hours, Visitors may obtain a permit at the communications center In Metzger hall. Visitor permits are required for spaces marked "visitor." Visitors may also park in any unmarked Space.

Special permits for large groups must be ordered through the "departmental parking permit request" form on myBiola a minimum of seven (7) business days in advance by university departments. Departments may also request parking reservations for special events through the "reserved parking request" form on mybiola a minimum of Two (2) weeks in advance.

Current and former students, alumni, and staff members do not qualify for visitor permits and may not park in visitor parking areas. Only visitors to the university displayed a visitor permit may park in visitor parking area.

Temporary Permits

Student, staff and alumni may obtain temporary permits for short-term use. Students who have not purchased a parking permit can obtain a temporary permit for the occasional use of a vehicle at a pro-rated charge (which will be billed directly to the student's account.)

Temporary permits valid for up to one month may be obtained from the campus safety office. The communications center and gatehouses issue temporary permits valid for one day only.

Alumni Parking Permits

Alumni parking permits are only issued to Biola graduates with a valid alumni ID card. A permit may be obtained from the Campus Safety office during business hours.

  • Vehicles displaying an alumni permit may park in parking spaces/lots open to student parking.
  • Alumni must abide by the regulations set down by this Vehicle code.
  • An alumni parking permit may no longer be used and must be returned to the campus safety office if registered for classes or in active student status.
  • An alumni parking permit is for the exclusive use of the Alumni it is registered to.

Use of an alumni parking permit by a current student is not permitted and will result in fines and the revocation of parking privileges.

Lost Parking Permits

If a parking permit is lost, a lost/stolen permit report must be completed before a replacement will be issued. A nominal replacement fee will be assessed for lost permits. A false report will result in disciplinary action and a fine. Recovered permits must be returned to the Campus Safety office.

Unregistered Vehicles

An unregistered vehicle may be subject to a check with the California Department of Motor Vehicles or other agency, or towing from campus. If a university student or employee has an unregistered vehicle on campus, he / she will be responsible for all costs involved in towing charges, and the cost of verification of ownership through the appropriate agency. Any previously unbilled citations may be billed to the student 's account. Faculty and staff members may also be held responsible for any previously unbilled citations.

Selling or transfer of a Registered Vehicle

When selling a vehicle, the original owner must notify the Campus Safety office within 5 working days. If not, any citations received are the responsibility of the owner. If the vehicle is cited while under operation of a person other than who it is registered to, the driver of the vehicle will be held responsible.

Curb Designations

Curbs are stenciled to designate parking restrictions where they are present.

Faculty/ Staff "Faculty/Staff Only" stenciled on gray curb or wheel stop. Vehicles must display a faculty/staff permit to park in spaces designated "faculty/staff only" from 7:00am-5:00pm, Monday-Friday.
Visitor Parking "Visitor" stenciled on gray curb or wheel stop. Vehicles must display a visitor permit to park in spaces designated "visitor" from 7:00am-5:00pm, Monday – Friday.
Green CurbTemporary parking. Time limit is 30 minutes unless otherwise specified by sign or curb stenciling.
White CurbPassenger loading/unloading only. Time limit is 5 minutes. Vehicle may not be left unattended.
Yellow CurbPassenger or equipment loading/unloading only. Time limit is 20 minutes. Vehicle may not be left unattended.
Red CurbEmergency vehicles only. No parking or stopping at any time. Red curbs are not for loading/unloading vehicles.
Plain Curb Open parking (any Biola permit).

Note: Consult the following section, "Lot Designations & Restrictions," and / or posted signs.

Lot Designations & Restrictions

The following is a listing of parking lot designations and Restrictions. Restrictions are enforced 7:00am-5:00pm, Monday - Friday. "Open" indicates that spaces are available for any vehicle displaying a valid Biola permit. "Staff" and "Visitor" indicates that some spaces in the lot are restricted.

Lot BOpen Parking & Staff Parking
Lot COpen Parking & Staff Parking
Lot DVisitor Parking & Staff Parking Only
Lot EOpen Parking
Lot FStaff Parking only
Lot GOpen Parking
Lot HOpen Parking & Staff Parking
Lot IOpen Parking
Lot JOpen Parking & Staff Parking
Lot KOpen Parking
Lot LOpen Parking
Lot MOpen Parking
Lot NOpen Parking & Staff Parking
Lot OStaff Parking only
Lot POpen Parking
Lot ROpen Parking & Staff Parking
Lot SOpen Parking

Apartment Residents

Parking at Biola-owned off-campus apartments used for Student housing is by permit only. These permits are issued at no charge. Off campus parking permits are not valid for On-campus parking.

Christmas Break / Interterm, and Summer Vehicle Storage on Campus

Vehicles may not be stored on campus property without prior written approval from Campus Safety. Persons wishing to store a vehicle on campus must:

  • Display a valid student or staff parking permit, only current students or staff may store a vehicle on campus.
  • Sign and submit a release of liability form at the Campus Safety office.
  • Leave a set of keys at the Campus Safety office so that the vehicle may be moved if Facilities Services projects or emergencies require it.
  • Leave the car in the parking lot designated by Campus Safety.

Failure to obtain permission will result in fine(s) and / or towing of the vehicle from Biola property.

  • Student vehicles must have been registered during that session, or the applicable permit fee will be charged.
  • A student must remove all vehicles from Biola if he/she is no longer enrolled in the current school semester, or when an employee ends employment with the university.

Vehicle Coverings

As a safety and security precaution, vehicles (including motorcycles) may not be covered by tarps or covers at any time.

Inoperable Vehicles

Vehicles that are inoperable or are not properly registered with the DMV will be considered abandoned after a period of three weeks from their date of discovery. These vehicles may be fined and/or towed at the owner 's expense. Inoperable vehicles may not be stored on campus.

Abandoned Vehicles

Any vehicle that is left on Biola property longer than 72 Hours without a valid permit and/or prior approval to park will be considered abandoned and may be removed from campus at the owner 's expense.

Auto Work

Auto work of any kind is not permitted on campus.


Motorcycles and other motorized vehicles are subject to all regulations in this code.

  • Motorcycles and other motorized vehicles must park in normal vehicle parking spaces or designated motorcycle areas and have a valid parking permit.
  • Motorcycles are not permitted to park in undesignated areas or on yellow or blue hash lines.
  • Electric assisted bicycles,* which are considered bicycles, may park in bicycle racks.

* California vehicle code 406(b) – a "motorized bicycle" is also a device that has fully operative pedals for propulsion by human power and has an electric motor that meets all of the following requirements:

  • Has a power output of not more than 1,000 watts.
  • Is incapable of propelling the device at a speed of more than 20 miles per hour on ground level.
  • Is incapable of further increasing the speed of the device when human power is used to propel the motorized bicycle faster than 20 miles per hour.


No person shall park or store a trailer upon any street, parking lot, or parking structure on campus except for the purpose of loading and unloading unless given permission by the chief of campus safety. Departmental trailers must be registered with campus safety and display a current Biola parking permit.


Privately owned golf carts or similar vehicles may not be driven or kept on campus.

Motorized Scooters

Motorized scooters may not be driven or kept on campus.



  • Bicycle registration is mandatory for all students and employees who ride or park a bicycle on the Biola campus or at the Biola-owned apartments on Rosecrans Avenue.
  • Bicycle registration is free, and may be done online at anytime by completing a form on the Campus Safety website ( Students and employees may also choose to register their bicycles in person at the Campus Safety Administrative Office.
  • Each registrant will receive a bicycle identification sticker that must be affixed to the registered bike.


  • Bicycles must be parked only in a bike rack and should be locked (preferably with a U-lock system).
  • Bicycles must not be secured to, or rested against objects such as benches, poles, signs, trees, fences or railings.
  • Bicycles must not be parked in any building lobby, hallway or room unless the area has been designated for parking. This does not prohibit a bicycle from being parked in a student’s residence hall or apartment room, or in an employee’s private office (with the approval of the department) so long as egress is not blocked or impeded.


  • Cyclists are subject to motor vehicle rules of the road, such as speed limits, stop signs, signaling turns and right of way.
  • Bicycles should be ridden on streets designated for cars and bike lanes wherever possible.
  • Bicycles may be ridden in plaza areas and on sidewalks wider than six feet unless prohibited by signage.
  • Bicycles must not be ridden on standard-sized sidewalks (between four and six feet wide), whether specifically prohibited by signage or not, and must not be ridden inside buildings.
  • If ridden at night, bicycles must have a white reflector the front and a red reflector on the rear of the bicycle and must also be equipped with a forward-facing bike headlight mounted on the bicycle or worn by the cyclist.
  • Pedestrians must be given the right of way at all times.


  • Bicycles that do not have the required registration identification sticker will be immobilized or impounded.
  • Bicycles that appear to be abandoned will be tagged with an impoundment notice and be impounded if not moved within 48 hours.
  • Locking devices that are cut in the process of impounding bicycles will not be reimbursed.
  • Cyclists that do not adhere to bicycle registration, parking, operation and equipment regulations may be subject to fines and possible immobilization or impoundment of bicycles. Fines will be a minimum of $20.
  • Impounded bicycles not claimed by the owner within 60 days will be donated to a charity.
  • At the end of the school year, students not residing on campus for summer school classes must remove their bicycles from all bike racks. Any bicycles left beyond July 31 will be donated to a charity.

Violations & Fines

Violations are traditionally assigned point values. If a person accumulates a given number of points during an academic year, a mandatory meeting may be scheduled with the chief of Campus Safety. Failure to cooperate with a scheduled meeting may result in the loss of parking or driving privileges, or towing and storage of the vehicle at the owner's expense.

Vehicle Code Fines

60Failure to Display a Valid Parking Permit/Permit Improperly Displayed$35.00
61Overtime in a Timed Zone$35.00
62Illegal Parking$35.00
63Skateboard Violation$100.00
64Unsafe Vehicle Equipment$40.00
65Failure to Obey Official Parking Sign$35.00
66Obstructing Traffic$35.00
68Excessive Speed
Up to 10 mph over limit$60.00
11–15 mph over limit$75.00
16–20 mph over limit$85.00
21 mph or more over limit$95.00
69Passing a Moving Vehicle$55.00
70Failure to Stop at a Posted Sign$50.00
71Placing Previously Issued Citation on Vehicle$100.00
72Helmet Violation$40.00
73Failure to Yield to Pedestrian/Vehicle/Campus Safety$100.00
75Vehicle Gate Violation$100.00
76Reckless Driving/Misuse of Vehicle$110.00
77Red Zone/Fire Lane/Fire Hydrant$100.00
78Disabled Parking$100.00
79Miscellaneous Violation (Determined by Campus Safety Administrative Office)TBD
98Repeat Offense
3rd offense$20.00
4th offense$30.00
5th and subsequent offenses$40.00

Vehicle Code Violations

(60)Failure to display a valid parking permit / permit improperly displayed: all parking permits must be properly displayed. The proper placement for all permits is as follows:
Student Permit:should be displayed on the exterior Rear window (lower driver side) or bumper (driver side) as necessary.
Alumni Permit:should be displayed on the rearview Mirror.
Faculty & Staff Permit:should be displayed on the Interior front windshield (driver side bottom corner).
(61)Overtime in timed zone: 30 minutes is the maximum Time permitted in a green zone unless otherwise specified. Yellow loading zones have a 15 minute maximum time limit. White loading zones have a 5 minute maximum time limit.
(62)Illegal parking: vehicles must occupy only one space at a time and park within spaces designated by the appropriate color of curb, lines, or parking bumpers. Vehicles may not park along the curb boundaries of parking lots or on sidewalks. Vehicles may not park in Front of entrances to sidewalks or driveways.
(63) Skateboard violation: Riding skateboards/skates/longboards is not allowed at any time on the property of Biola University. Note: Skateboards/skates/longboards operated by students or staff members may be impounded for the safety of the community.
(64)Unsafe vehicle equipment: all vehicles on campus must comply with state safety regulations. If a citation is issued to a vehicle for unsafe vehicle equipment, the owner must show proof of repairs within two weeks of the issue date of the citation. Failure to do so may result in suspension of parking and driving privileges.
(65)Failure to obey official parking sign: officially posted signs shall supersede any prior zone or curb designation.
(66)Obstructing traffic: there is no stopping, standing, or parking in a way that prevents another vehicle from moving or hinders the normal flow of traffic allowed.
(68)Excessive speed: the maximum speed limit on campus is 15 miles per hour.

Fine schedule–excessive speed
5–10 mph over limit – $40.00
11–12 mph over limit – $55.00
12–20 mph over limit – $65.00
21 mph over limit or more – $75.00
(69)Passing a moving vehicle: with the exception of Passing a cart or bicycle that has acknowledged your Intentions to pass and there is no oncoming traffic, passing a moving vehicle is never permitted on campus roads.
(70)Failure to stop at a posted stop sign: all vehicles must come to a complete stop at all posted stop signs (sign posts and painted on road surface) on campus.
(71)Placing previously issued citation on vehicle: a previously issued citation shall not be placed on a vehicle to give the appearance that the vehicle has already Received a citation.
(72)Helmet violation: motorcycle operators must wear a helmet at all times.
(73)Failure to yield to a pedestrian / vehicle / Campus Safety: all vehicles must yield to approaching pedestrians, other vehicles when merging into traffic, or a Campus safety official when necessary. Vehicles must yield to a Campus Safety patrol unit's lights and / or siren.
(75)Vehicle gate violation: attempting to open, raise, alter, avoid, or otherwise circumvent static or motorized vehicle gates is prohibited. When entrance gate arms are down, all drivers must swipe their Biola ID card or stop at the gatehouse before entering campus.
(76)Reckless driving / misuse of vehicle: vehicles driven In an unsafe manner including, but not limited to, driving outside of established traffic lanes or off-road and speed in excess of 25 mph over the posted limit, Are considered reckless. Misuse of vehicle includes, but is not limited to, use of a vehicle for other than its designed purpose that is deemed unsafe, operation in prohibited areas, transport of too many passengers or in the bed of a pick-up truck, overloading a vehicle, and towing of items or persons outside the provisions established by law.
(77)Red zones / fire lanes / fire hydrants: a vehicle may not stop or park in a red zone or fire lane at any time, whether the vehicle is attended or not. Red Zones are for the use of emergency vehicles only and may not be blocked.
(78)Disabled parking: blue handicap spaces with a sign posted are for handicap parking only, including nights, weekends, and holidays. Handicap parking is authorized in parking spaces with the international symbol of access, next to a blue curb and blue handicap spaces only. A valid Biola parking permit is required for parking on campus, including disabled parking.
(79)Miscellaneous violation – fine based on nature of violation: this code is utilized for violations not codified in the lists of vehicle or safety violations.

Repeat offenses

The following fine schedule will be enforced for all violations:

1st offenseScheduled base fine
2nd offenseScheduled base fine
3rd offenseScheduled base fine plus $20.00
4th offenseScheduled base fine plus $30.00
5th offenseScheduled base fine plus $40.00

Vehicle violation appeals

  • Citation appeals are to be made in writing within 7 business days of the violation utilizing the space provided on the back of the citation and delivered in person or by mail to the Campus Safety office. Citations not appealed within 7 business days will be billed to the student's account. Note: approval to deviate from the established 7 day appeal period may be granted. However, citations can only be appealed within the academic year that they are issued. An academic year includes fall, interterm, spring, and summer.
  • Results of the appeal will be mailed to campus boxes from campus safety within 10–15 business days of filing the appeal.
  • Ignorance of the regulations is not a valid excuse for violations. Bad weather, lack of space, or arriving later or after dark is not a valid excuse. It is the individual's Responsibility to allow sufficient time to walk to or from classes or work. University students and employees should consider using the Campus Safety escort service if they feel their safety is threatened.
  • Anyone dissatisfied with a decision may make an appointment with the Chief of Campus Safety by contacting the Campus Safety office at ext. 4877. Appeals must be made in writing before an appointment is given. The Chief or his designee may grant or sustain citation appeals from faculty, staff, and students. If an appeal meeting is made and the individual fails to show, it will result in an automatic denial.

Faculty / Staff Appealed Citations

Appeals must be done in writing using the space provided on the back of the citation.

  1. If the appeal is denied an appeal decision notification is sent to the faculty / staff member, telling him or her of the appeal decision, and affords 10 business days to either pay the citation or make an appointment to meet with the chief of campus safety to contest the original decision. If the citation is reduced to a warning, or if granted, an appeal decision notification is also sent out.
  2. If an appeal has been denied and payment is not received a second notification is sent to the faculty / Staff member as well as his or her department. This notification allows an additional 10 business days for the affected individual to pay the cost of the citation before a billing notification is sent to the applicable department.
  3. If payment is still not received, a notification of billing will then be sent to the affected faculty / staff member's department requesting payment.