DepartmentTalbot School of Theology
Biola AffiliationsFaculty



  • Habilitation, Theological Faculty of the University of Basel
  • Ph.D., Theological Faculty of the University of Basel
  • M.Div., Theological Faculty of the University of Basel


Markus Zehnder grew up in Switzerland and is an ordained minister of the Reformed Church of Switzerland. After the completion of his doctorate, he moved to Jerusalem and then to Boston for postdoctoral studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and at Harvard University. He has held teaching positions in Switzerland, Germany, Norway, and Belgium. He has a passion to connect the Bible both with personal and societal issues. Questions relating to migration are at the top of the list of his research interests.


  • Society of Biblical Literature
  • Evangelical Theological Society
  • Agder Vitenskapsakademi
  • Norwegian Old Testament Society



  • The Bible and Immigration: A Critical Reassessment (forthcoming, summer 2021)
  • Umgang mit Fremden in Israel und Assyrien (BWANT 168; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2005)
  • Wegmetaphorik im Alten Testament - Eine semantische Untersuchung der alttestamentlichen und altorientalischen Weg-Lexeme mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer metaphorischen Verwendung (BZAW 268; Berlin/New York: De Gruyter, 1999)

Edited Books:

  • The Bible and Money: Economy and Socioeconomic Ethics in the Bible, with Hallvard Hagelia (Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2020)
  • Paradigm Change in Pentateuchal Research, with Matthias Armgardt and Benjamin Kilchör (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2019)
  • Interreligious Relations: Biblical Perspectives, with Hallvard Hagelia (London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017)
  • New Studies in the Book of Isaiah – Essays in Honor of Hallvard Hagelia (Perspectives on Hebrew Scriptures and Its Contexts 21; Gorgias Press, Piscataway, 2014)
  • Encountering Violence in the Bible, with Hallvard Hagelia (The Bible in the Modern World 55; Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2013 )
  • The Parthian Empire and its Religions – Das Partherreich und seine Religionen, with Peter Wick (Pietas 5; Gutenberg, Computus, 2012)

Articles in Lexicons, Journals, Collected Editions and Festschriften:

  • Mass-Migration to the Western World in Light of the Hebrew Bible: The Challenge of Complexity (European Journal of Theology 27, 2018, 4-17)
  • Das Heilige Land von der Zeit des Neuen Testaments bis zur Gegenwart (in: Helmuth Pehlke, Israel – Daten, Fakten, Hintergründe, Giessen 2018, 44-101)
  • Literary and Other Observations on Passages Dealing with Foreigners in the Book of Deuteronomy: The Command to Love the Ger Read in Context (in: Sepher Torath Mosheh: Studies in the Composition and Interpretation of Deuteronomy, Ed. Daniel I. Block and Richard L. Schultz, Peabody 2017, 192-231)
  • Interreligious Relations in the Future as Described in the Latter Prophets (in: Interreligious Relations: Biblical Perspectives, Ed. Hallvard Hagelia and Markus Zehnder, London 2017, 89-118)
  • Structural Complexity, Semantic Ambiguity, and the Question of Literary Integrity: A New Reading of Leviticus 26,14-45 (in: Nächstenliebe und Gottesfurcht – Beiträge aus alttestamentlicher, semitistischer und altorientalistischer Wissenschaft für Hans-Peter Mathys zum 65. Geburtstag, Ed. Hanna Jenni and Markus Saur, Münster 2016, 503-530) 
  • Erwägungen zur Migration im Licht des Alten Testaments (BThZ 33, 2016, 197-218)


Areas of Expertise for Media Interviews

  • Arab-Israeli Conflict
  • Bible
  • Bible Interpretations
  • Biblical Languages
  • Creation
  • Ethics
  • Homosexuality
  • Immigration
  • Islam
  • Jewish History
  • Multicultural Issues
  • Old Testament
  • Palestinians
  • Prophecy - True and False
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