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Pete Hill

Professor of Psychology
  • Ph.D., University of Houston; Social Psychology
  • M.A., University of Houston

CV Document (PDF)

Dr. Hill's appointment calendar is available.


  • American Psychological Association (Member)
  • Divisions 8, 9, 36 (Member)
  • Christian Association for Psychological Studies (Member)
  • Religious Research Association (Member)
  • Society for the Scientific Study of Religion (Member)

Awards and Honors

  • Fellow of the American Psychological Association (1998-present)
  • Distinguished Service Award, Division 36 - Psychology of Religion (2003)
  • President, Division 36 (Psychology of Religion) of the American Psychological Association (2000-2001)



  • Hood, R. W., Jr., Hill, P. C., & Spilka, B. (in press). “The Psychology of Religion: An Empirical Approach” (4th ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
  • Stevenson, D. H., Eck, B. E., & Hill, P. C. (Eds.). (2007). “Psychology and Christianity Integration: Seminal Works that Shaped the Movement”. Batavia, IL: Christian Association for Psychological Studies.
  • Hood, R. W., Jr., Hill, P. C., & Williamson, W. P. (2005). “The Psychology of Religious Fundamentalism”. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Hill, P.C., & Hood, R.W., Jr. (Eds.). (1999). “Measures of religiosity.” Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press
  • Benner, D.G., & Hill, P.C. (Eds.). (1999). “Baker encyclopedia of psychology and counseling (2nd ed.).” Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House


  • Cohen, A. B., Malka, A., Hill, E. D., Hill, E. D., Thoemmes, F., Hill, P. C., & Sundie, J. M. (2009). “Race as a moderator of the relationship between religiosity and political alignment”. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 271-282
  • Sandage, S. J., Cook, K. V., Hill, P. C., Strawn, B. D., & Reimer, K. S. (2008). “Hermeneutics and psychology: A review and dialectical model.” Review of General Psychology, 12, 344-364.
  • Hill, P. C., & Gibson, N. J. S. (2008). “Whither the roots? Achieving conceptual depth in the psychology of religion.” Archiv für Religionspsychologie, 30, 19-35.
  • Reich, K. H., & Hill, P. C. (2008). “Quo vadis psychology of religion? Introduction to the special section.” Archiv für Religionspsychologie, 30, 5-18.
  • Welton. G. L., Hill, P. C., & Seybold, K. S. (2008). “Forgiveness in the trenches: Empathy, perspective taking, and anger.” Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 168-177.
  • Cohen, A. B., & Hill, P. C. (2007). “Religion as culture: Religious individualism and collectivism among American Catholics, Jews, and Protestants.” Journal of Personality, 75, 709-742.
  • Hill, P. C. (2005). “Living on the boundary: Thinking Christianly about psychology.” Journal of Psychology and Theology, 33, 98-112.
  • Exline, J.J., Worthington,E.L., Jr., Hill, P.C., & McCullough, M.E. (2003). “Forgiveness and justice: A research agenda for social and personality psychology.” Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 337-348
  • Hill, P.C., & Pargament, K.I. (2003). “Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of religion and spirituality: Implications for physical and mental health research.” American Psychologist, 58, 64-74
  • Hill, P.C., & Kilian, M.K. (2003). “Assessing clinically significant religious impairment in clients: Applications from measures in the psychology of religion and spirituality.” Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 6, 149-160
  • Hill, P.C. (2002). “Spiritual transformation: forming the habitual center of personal energy.” Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 13, 87-108
  • Hill, P.C., Pargament, K.I., Hood, R.W., McCullough, M.C., Swyers, J.P., Larson, D.B., & Zinnbauer, B.J. (2000). “Conceptualizing religion and spirituality: Points of commonality, points of departure.” Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 30, 51-77
  • Hill, P.C., & Hood, R.W., Jr. (1999). “Affect, religion, and unconscious processes.” Journal of Personality, 67, 1015-1046

Book Chapters

  • Hill, P. C., & Maltby, L. E. (in press). “Measuring religiousness and spirituality: Issues, existing measures, and the implications for education and wellbeing.” In L. J. Francis (Ed.), The international handbook of education for spirituality, care and wellbeing. New York: Springer.
  • Hill, P. C., & Dwiwardani, C. (in press). “Measurement at the interface of psychiatry and religion: Issues and existing measures.” In P. J. Verhagen, H. M. Van Praag, & J. J. Lopez-Ibor (Eds.), Psychiatry and religion: Pushing back the boundaries. Explorations at the interface. New York: Wiley & Sons.
  • Hill, P. C., Kopp, K. J., & Bollinger, R. A. (2007). “A few good measures: Assessing religion and spirituality in relation to health.” In T. G. Plante and C. E. Thoresen (Eds.), Spirit, science, and health: How the spiritual mind fuels physical wellness (pp. 25-38). Westport, CT: Praeger.
  • Hill, P. C. (2005). “Measurement in the psychology of religion and spirituality.” In R. F. Paloutzian and C. L. Park (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (pp. 43-61). New York: Guilford Press.
  • Hill, P. C., Exline, J. J., & Cohen, A. B. (2005). “The social psychology of justice and forgiveness in civil and organizational settings.” In E. L. Worthington, Jr. (Ed.), Handbook of forgiveness (pp. 477-490). New York: Routledge.
  • Hill, P. C., & Smith, G. S. (2003). “Coming to terms with spirituality and religion in the workplace.” In R. A. Giacalone and C. L. Jurkiewicz (Eds.), The handbook of workplace spirituality and organizational performance (pp. 231-243). New York: M. E. Sharpe.


  • Hill, P. C., & Cohen, A. B. (2008, February). “Race moderates the relationship between religious fundamentalism and political attitudes.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Albuquerque, NM.
  • Maltby, L. E., & Hill, P. C. (2007, August). “So firm a foundation: What the comparative study of religion offers positive psychology.” Paper presented at the 115th meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.
  • Hill, P. C., Welton, G. L., & Seybold, K. S. (2007, March). “Forgiveness in the trenches: Empathy, perspective taking, and anger.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Christian Association for Psychological Studies, King of Prussia, PA.
  • Hill, P. C. (2006, November). “Assessing the state of measurement in the psychology of religion and spirituality.” Invited plenary address at the 2006 Spiritual Care Research Conference, Mayo Clinic. Rochester, MN.
  • Hill, P. C. (2006, October). “The secularist fundamentalist: Application of an intratextual style of thinking.” Presentation at the Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.
  • Hill, P. C. (2006, September). “Fundamentalism as intratextuality: A new look at an old phenomenon.” Invited plenary address to the British Association of Christians in Psychology, Manchester University, Manchester, England.
  • Hill, P.C. (April 2003). “Measuring the religion and spirituality variable.” Invited presentation at Integrating Research on Spirituality and Health and Well-Being in Service Delivery: A Research Conference. Sponsored by the International Center for the Integration of Health & Spirituality. At the National Institutes of Health Campus, Bethesda, MD
  • Hill, P.C. (August 2002). “Why (not) a neuroscience of religion and spirituality?” Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Chicago, IL
  • Hill, P.C., Seybold, K.S., & Welton, G.L. (September 2001). “The effect of humility on interpersonal forgiveness: One small piece of the puzzle.” Paper presented at the XIVth conference of the International Association for the Psychology of Religion, Soesterberg, Netherlands
  • Hill, P.C. (August 2001). “Spiritual transformation: Forming the habitual center of personal energy.” Presidential address for Division 36 (Psychology of Religion) of the American Psychological Association presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA

Research Interests

  • Role of affect in religious experience/spirituality
  • Spiritual transformation and maturity
  • Measurement of religious experience/spirituality
  • Forgiveness